From: Dudley Sharp, independent researcher
The George Floyd murder was overtly grotesque, as were the responses of the other three criminal officers. My condolences to the Floyd family and my thanks to them calling for justice and peace.
Had these studies been, publicly, discussed, within media and communities, for the past 4-5 years, we may have prevented more lost lives, lost jobs, lost businesses, destroyed neighborhoods and communities and had productive discussions, instead.
Very sad that it did not happen, then, and appears, likely, to not happen, now.
Who solves the cases of black victims that are murdered, raped and/or robbed? The police. And you?
Police are more likely to shoot whites than blacks

Compiled by Dudley Sharp, independent researcher

” . . . a recent Harvard study (by a black professor) concluded that 1,332 police shootings over the 2000-2015 time frame reveal that blacks are actually 20 percent less likely to be shot at by police than whites, despite the fact that blacks and whites are just as likely to be carrying a weapon.” (1)

” .  we find no evidence of racial discrimination in officer-involved shootings.” In Houston, Texas ” . . . blacks are 27.4% less likely to be shot at by police relative to non-black, non-Hispanics”. (2)

“Officers’ use of lethal force following an arrest for a violent felony is more than twice the rate for white as for black arrestees, according to one study (3).”

“Another study showed that officers were three times less likely to shoot unarmed black suspects than unarmed whites.” (3).

” . . . John Jay College of Criminal Justice Prof. Peter Moskos, . . . when the homicide rate is adjusted, “whites are 1.7 times more likely than blacks [to] die at the hands of police.” (1)


Police are also less likely to shoot at unarmed black suspects than unarmed white suspects. (1)

” . . . in over 1,500 simulated scenarios “involving both armed and unarmed suspects who were both black and white.” . . . the officers were three times less likely to fire at unarmed black men than unarmed white men.” (1)

 Annually, 0.0017% of civilian interactions with police are fatal, or 99.998% non fatal, with 0.1% of police officers involved, or 99.9% not. (3).

“The Black Lives Matter narrative about an epidemic of racially biased police shootings is false: Four studies published this year (2016) showed that if there is a bias in police shootings, it works in favor of blacks and against whites. (3)”


The major black lives matters issue? Blacks murdering Blacks? 

” . . . For every black killed by a white police officer in the U.S. every year, there are about 71 blacks killed by other blacks.” (1)

The “homicide victimization rate that is now nine times greater for black males than for white males. (2015) ” The brutality of these killings can be shocking. Over the weekend of Sept. 16, a 15-year-old boy in Chicago was burned alive in a dumpster. (3)”

Rev. Jesse Jackson: “There is nothing more painful to me at this stage in my life than to walk down the street and hear footsteps and start thinking about robbery. Then look around and see somebody white and feel relieved. After all we have been through, just to think we can’t walk down our own streets, how humiliating (4) .”


Stop and Frisk

Racial activists accuse stop-and-frisk of being racist, and yet the percentage of blacks stopped is actually underrepresented when compared to the percentage of blacks that commit crimes. (1)

” . . . black persons comprised 55 percent of all of the New York City Police Department stops in 2012, even though 66 percent of violent criminals in the city are black as well as 78 percent of shooting suspects and 74 percent of shooting victims.” (1)

” . . . most stop-and-frisk subjects in New York City are minorities . . . because most crime in the city is committed in minority neighborhoods.” (1)

New York Police Commissioner Ray Kelly confirms: “Blacks and Hispanics commit 96 percent of all crimes in (NYC), but only 85 percent of the stop-and-frisks are of blacks and Hispanics.” (6).

“By a margin of 50 percent to 46 percent, black voters support New York City’s “Broken Windows” policing, according to a Quinnipiac poll. Additionally, 61 percent of black voters support “‘summonses or make arrests’ in their neighborhood for quality-of-life. (1)

Sen. Barack Obama: ” . . . children who grow up without a father are five times more likely to live in poverty and commit crime; nine times more likely to drop out of schools and 20 times more likely to end up in prison.” “More than half of all black children live in single-parent households, a number that has doubled — doubled — since we were children.” ” . . . these absent fathers don’t realize that “responsibility does not end at conception” and are “acting like boys instead of men” (7).
The higher the percentage of single parent homes (vastly, fatherless), by race/ethnicity (8), the higher the crime rates by race/ethnicity (5).
Single parent homes USA (2009-2018), by race/ethnicity (8) : Asian (16%), Non Hispanic White (24%), Hispanic (42%), Black or African American (67%).
Asians have, by far, the lowest crime rates . . . often, so low, they are not even considered within race/ethnicity crime rate studies (5).

Blacks are not over-arrested and are actually “underrepresented in prison.” (1)

“The statistics on the race of criminals as reported by the crime victims match the arrest data. As long ago as 1978, a study of robbery and aggravated assault in eight cities found parity between the race of assailants in victim reports and in arrests–a finding replicated many times, among a range of crimes.” (1)

” . . . criminologist Alfred Blumstein determined in 1993 that “blacks were significantly underrepresented in prison for homicide compared with their presence in the arrest data.” (1)

“For the White–Black comparisons, (nationally) the Black level is 12.7 times greater than the White level for homicide, 15.6 times greater for robbery, 6.7 times greater for rape, and 4.5 times greater for aggravated assault. (5)”


“The Misplaced Criticism of President Clinton’s 1994 Crime Bill” (9)

RONALD BROWNSTEIN, senior editor, The Atlantic:

“The historical record doesn’t support the left’s now-common assertion that the (Clinton) crime bill was primarily a politically motivated concession by Clinton to white racial backlash. While Clinton undoubtedly considered the bill part of his effort to rebuild the Democrats’ national coalition after its collapse during the 1980s, he believed the best way to do that was to make genuine progress against a rising tide of violent crime.”

“In July 1994, ten African American Democratic mayors—including those from Detroit, Atlanta, Cleveland, and Denver—urged Congress to approve the (Clinton Crime Bill), even after House and Senate negotiators removed from the final bill a House-passed provision making it easier for prisoners on death row to challenge their sentences as racially discriminatory.” ” . . . the black mayors wrote, they did not believe (the death penalty issue)  should outweigh other elements in the bill that they valued—particularly new federal funding to hire more police and launch prevention program for at-risk young people.”
“We cannot afford to lose the opportunities (The Clinton Crime) bill provides to the people of our cities,” the mayors wrote.
The urgency was based upon all time record violent crime rates in 1991/1992 (rate of 758) (10), concentrated in minority communities. The violent crime rate dropped 50% between 1991/1992 and 2018 (rate of 380.6) (10), a violent crime rate that hadn’t been that low in 48 years  (10) . . . a combination of the Clinton Crime Bill,  the increase in the prison population, better policing, among others.
“The renaissance of American cities is one of the great stories of the last quarter century and cities had their backs against the wall because of crime and violence in the early 1990s. It was impossible to make economic progress without restoring order and mayors…community leaders and police were crying for help.” ” . . . the legislation was a bipartisan effort addressing a genuine need.” (9)
Traffic Stops

Blacks do get pulled over for traffic stops more often than whites, but that’s because blacks commit a disproportionate amount of traffic offenses. (1)

Studies ” . . . in New Jersey and North Carolina, found that black drivers speed disproportionately. On the New Jersey turnpike, for example, black drivers studied in 2001 sped at twice the rate of white drivers (with speeding defined as traveling at 15 mph or more above the posted limit) and traveled at the most reckless levels of speed even more disproportionately.” (1)

” . . . a 2013 National Institute for Justice report that determined that three out of four blacks said they were pulled over for a “legitimate reason” and a National Highway Safety Administration report concluding that “blacks simply violated traffic laws at higher rates than whites.” (1)

” . . . the DOJ report found that blacks were more likely to be searched after a traffic stop than whites, as 11 percent of blacks stopped were searched as opposed to five percent of whites, but . . . blacks tend to have a “higher rate of outstanding warrants,” which explains the discrepancy.” (1)

” . . . the Department of Justice tries to assert that racial bias in the Ferguson Police Department was inherent in the fact that blacks consisted of 85 percent of all traffic stops between 2012-2014, despite only being 67 percent of the city’s residents, while whites consisted of 15 percent of all traffic stops while being 29 percent of the city’s residents.” (1)

Sharp:  Population counts are irrelevant, as everyone knows. It’s criminal activity that is relevant to stops and arrests (1,3). How was the Justice Dept. unaware? They weren’t.


Who solves the cases of black victims that are murdered, raped or robbed? The police. And you?

2016: “No government agency is more dedicated to the proposition that black lives matter than the police. If the next administration continues to disregard that truth in favor of a false narrative about systemic law-enforcement racism, the next four years will see more urban violence and race riots, and more dead cops.” (2)

How prescient . . . it’s now four years later.


NOTE: Non Lethal Use Of Force

” . . . as the intensity of force increases (e.g. handcung civilians without arrest, drawing or pointing a weapon, or using pepper spray or a baton), the probability that any civilian is subjected to such treatment is small, but the racial difference remains surprisingly constant. For instance, 0.26% of interactions between police and civilians involve an occur drawing a weapon; 0.02% involve using a baton. These are rare events. Yet, the results indicate that they are significantly more rare for whites than blacks. With all controls, blacks are 21% more likely than whites to be involved in an interaction with police in which at least a weapon is drawn and the difference is statistically significant. Across all non-lethal uses of force, the odds-ratio of the black coecient ranges from 1.175 (0.036) to 1.275 (0.131). Blacks and Hispanics are only 1.3%  more likely than whites to report any use of force in a police interaction.” (2).


1) 7 Statistics That Show That ‘Systemic Racism’ Doesn’t Exist In Policing, Daily Wire, AARON BANDLER July 11, 2016,

2) An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force, Roland G. Fryer, Journal of Political Economy, Apr 22, 2019,

earlier version (1/2018) , free 

3) The Myth of the Racist Cop, Heather Mac Donald, The Wall Street Journal October 24, 2016,

4) Remarks at a meeting of Operation PUSH in Chicago, 27 November 1993. Quoted in “Crime: New Frontier – Jesse Jackson Calls It Top Civil-Rights Issue” by Mary A. Johnson, 29 November 1993, Chicago Sun-Times (ellipsis in original). Partially quoted in US News & World Report, 10 March 1996.

5) Race, ethnicity and crime statistics
For the White–Black comparisons, the Black level is 12.7 times greater than the White level for homicide, 15.6 times greater for robbery, 6.7 times greater for rape, and 4.5 times greater for aggravated assault.
For the Hispanic- White comparison, the Hispanic level is 4.0 times greater than the White level for homicide, 3.8 times greater for robbery, 2.8 times greater for rape, and 2.3 times greater for aggravated assault.
For the Hispanic–Black comparison, the Black level s 3.1 times greater than the Hispanic level for homicide, 4.1 times greater for robbery, 2.4 times greater for rape, and 1.9 times greater for aggravated assault.


6) Black America’s real problem isn’t white racism, Patrick J. Buchanano, Human Events, July 19, 2013, 

7) Father’s Day Speech, by Sen. Barack Obama, Presidential Candidate,  Apostolic Church of God, Chicago, Text of Obama’s fatherhood speech, at POLITICO , 06/15/2008,


 8) KIDS COUNT DATA CENTER,,871,870,573,869,36,868,867,133,38/10,11,9,12,1,185,13/432,43

9) “The Misplaced Criticism of Clinton’s Crime Bill”, Ronald Brownstein, The Atlantic, Apr 14, 2016,

10) United States Population and Rate of Crime per 100,000 People 1960 – 2018, The Disaster Center, using FBI data,

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